Nepal has been publishing the Nepal Human Development Report since 1998, with the focus shifting considering the needs of the country. The last Nepal Human Development Report in 2014 focused mainly on the human capability approach to development. Since then, profound changes have occurred in the political, economic, social and governance spheres. With the promulgation of the new Constitution in 2015 and its successive enforcement, the country has moved to a federated political system with three levels of government. With this major change, Nepali society, which was under the strain of a deep-rooted feudal history and culture, has been changing. The Constitution guaranteed the fundamental rights of the people. The adoption of three levels of democratic government now has rippled through different spheres of development and human life. Therefore, the Nepal Human Development Report 2020: Beyond LDC Graduation: Productive Transformation and Prosperity has focused on how Nepal could meaningfully advance towards sustainable human development at a faster pace.